How to set up satellite channels yourself


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How to set up satellite channels yourself
How to set up satellite channels yourself

How to tune satellite channels? It is difficult to install an antenna without experience. But you can figure it out on your own. If you have patience and do not want to pay installers for their services, then this guide is for you.

The same specialists were once without experience and knowledge, like you. But they have learned their trade. Put in the effort and you will succeed. Moreover, by practicing on your antenna, you will be able to serve your friends or family.

Be prepared for the fact that you may not succeed right away. It may take a week for the first setup and installation of the antenna, but then you can complete all these steps in a couple of hours.

Select satellite

Before setting the satellite channel settings, you need to decide which satellite you will receive them from. A huge number of such objects fly in space, and they all broadcast different TV channels.

satellite channel settings

In Russia, the signals of the following devices are perfectly received:

  • Hot Bird at 13.0 degrees eastlongitude (several Russian channels and a large package of adult channels);

  • Express AMU1 at 36 degrees east. (Tricolor TV and NTV+);

  • Express AM6 at 53.0 degrees E. e.;

  • Yamal 402 at 54.9 degrees E. e.;

  • Express AT1 at 56.0 degrees E. (Tricolor TV Siberia and NTV+Vostok);

  • ABS 2 at 75.0 degrees E. (MTS TV);

  • Horizons 2 & Intelsat 15 at 85.0 degrees east. d. ("Continent TV"/"Telecard")

  • Yamal 401 at 90.0 degrees E. e.;

  • Express AM33 at 96.5 degrees east. e.

Of course, there are other satellites, but these are in demand due to the large number of Russian-language channels. All other facilities do not have Russian channels or they do, but in very small numbers.

The mentioned channels have both open and paid channels. In the list above, all paid packages were indicated in brackets. Please note that "Tricolor TV" and NTV + are broadcast at 36 and 56 degrees, but are called a little differently. Channels and frequencies there are slightly different. Moreover, the encoding used is also different.

The satellite, located at the position of 56 degrees, is most focused on the eastern part of Russia. And packages located at the position of 36 degrees - to the European part.

If you do not plan to buy cards for pay-per-view or use sharing, then you need to choose satellites that broadcast a lot of free channels. For example,An excellent option would be a multifeed consisting of satellites at positions 75, 85 and 90. All these signals can be received on one antenna, since they are located close to each other. You can catch many open Russian channels on them.

setting up satellite channels yourself

If you have a large antenna at home (with a diameter of 180 centimeters), then you can hang a couple more heads around the edges. But from scratch without experience, it will be difficult for you to do this. First, catch at least something with the head in the center (as shown in the picture), and then make additional mounts to receive other satellites.

Choosing equipment for viewing

You need special equipment to set up satellite TV channels and continue watching. A complete set can always be bought in specialized stores. If you want to watch NTV+, MTS TV, "Tricolor TV" or something else, you can buy the equipment together with the receiver there.

If you do not plan to watch paid channels, will use sharing or watch only open channels, then it is better to buy in a store that is not associated with these TV providers.

Satellite dishes and heads are almost the same everywhere. But there is one difference. Some channels are broadcast on circular polarized frequencies, and some are linear. In heads for circular polarization, a special plate is installed inside, which refracts the signal.

setting up satellite channels

Satellite tuners are also different. Desirabletake modern ones that support the latest generation digital television. Many channels are not accepted by older models.

Install the antenna

Settings of satellite channels are made only after the antenna is assembled.

You need to fix it as firmly as possible. Otherwise, with a strong wind, it will shift. And changing the position even by a couple of millimeters will greatly change the quality of the signal.

satellite TV channel settings

Of course, only the legs need to be strongly fixed first, and not the entire antenna. Otherwise, it will be immobile.

When attaching the antenna, you need to choose a position so that it looks in the direction where this or that satellite is located.

Now you can find many programs that help determine their position using GPS. You just have to point the antenna in the direction that the phone tells.

Tuning satellite channels

channel searches with a detector

Self-tuning of satellite dish channels is done using a satellite receiver or special equipment. An example is shown in the figure below.

If you don't plan to do this in the future, then there is no need to spend extra money. It is better to use the receiver that you bought for viewing. It also picks up signals very well.

channel search using the tuner

You need to open the frequency table of the channels of the satellite you need and drive the required value into the receiver.

If you have a modern model, thenfresh and working frequencies must be programmed in its base, which greatly facilitates the search. No need to manually enter so many numbers.

tricolor frequencies

After you have entered the frequency, the flow rate, indicated the polarization, you will need to move the antenna and head until the signal quality is as high as possible. If the signal quality is poor, your picture will either disappear or have various interferences. And in bad weather, you will only watch a painting by Malevich. Therefore, you need to try to achieve the maximum signal level.

As soon as you get the best signal, you need to run a search so that the channels are fixed in the database. The principle of operation of all receivers is the same. Only the design changes. Plus, there are always hints.

setting up satellite channels on the TV

Tuning satellite channels on TV

Settings for satellite channels on the TV can be made according to the same principle. Only the receiver is used built-in, not external. But there are some downsides here. Built-in receivers in the TV cannot open paid channels using sharing or any firmware. You will have to watch only open channels or buy an official card.


Before you tune your antenna, think a lot and study where and what channels are broadcast. Please note that many of them are duplicated on all Russian-speaking satellites. Therefore, there is no point in catching them all.

reception of satellite channels

Happyyou viewing!

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